Grazing and hay production
Mid-late maturing forage oat
- Excellent establishment vigour, late maturity
- Wide leaf and good digestibility
- Good recovery from grazing
- True forage oat, with excellent palatability
- Long season of production for high yields
- Excellent dual purpose variety
|Seeding Rate - Dryland (kg/ha)||30 - 50|
|Seeding Rate - High Rainfall/Irrigation (kg/ha)||50 - 80|
|Hard Seed Level 1 = Least Hard 10 = Most Hard • Burr Burial Strength 1 = Very Weak 10 = Very Strong|
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- Fast establishing autumn-spring growing fodder crop with high feeding value
- High leaf to stem ratio
- Opportunities for grazing/silage/hay production
- Susceptible to pugging; avoid grazing if waterlogged - regrowth will be compromised
Tufted annual grows to nearly 2 metres tall.
Stout hollow culm with conspicuous nodes.
Flat and wide and veined; taper to a fine point. Rolled in bud.
Large pendulous spikelet, 15 to 30 millimetres long; 2 to 3 florets.
Approximately equal to 50,000 per kilogram.
Pasture Type and Use
Sown in autumn for winter bulk. Some varieties suited to multi-uses - e.g. high quality hay export/grain production. Often used to provide weed control and soil preparation prior to renovating with perennial pasture. Robust so often used as a pioneer crop on new land.
Greater than 400 millimetres.
Well drained. Tolerates a broad pH range.
Avoid sowing when soil temperature greater than 12°C or less than 25°C.
Clovers, peas, vetch, medics.
15 to 20 kilograms per hectare.
Sow into a cultivated seedbed to a depth of 35 to 70 millimetres at 60 to 120 kilograms per hectare depending on soil type/region and expected rainfall.
Sow late summer/early Autumn. Can be sown dry (sow less than 50 millimetres).
Sow with 10 kilograms P per hectare. If using MAP/DAP sow separately from the seed.
35 to 70 kilograms N per hectare, ensure P, K, S, Zn are adequate.
Graze prior to stem elongation. Leave 12 centimetre residues/ lowest stem node. Repeat grazings after a month's recovery. Where yield is high it is usually strip grazed by dairy cattle along a long front to minimize trampling losses. A back fence may maximise regrowth.
Regenerates from self-sown seed.
Dropped seed may see plants regenerate for a season or two.
Cereal cyst nematode, stem nematode, red legged earth mite, snails, cereal aphis (re BYDV transmission), cutworms, webworm, lucerne flea, army worm, Bruobia mite, wingless grasshoppers and Australian plague locust.
Leaf rust, stem rust, Septoria blotch, bacterial blight, barley yellow dwarf virus, halo blight, stripe blight, powdery mildew.
Winter feed typically 70 per cent digestibility, 7 to 8 per cent crude protein.
Up to 7 tonne dry matter per hectare by spring where moisture is available and soil fertility is good.
Young plants can accumulate a high level of nitrates and lead to nitrite poisoning, especially in cattle. Slow growth, hot, dry conditions or frost/hail damage can elevate nitrate level.